1.Deuteronomy 26:4-10
Gospel: Luke 4:1-13

"Our great temptation"

There is a very interesting story about a catholic Family, one that adhered strictly to fasting and abstinence during Lent, moved into new neighborhood. They had a problem with their a Hindu who was their neighbor, whose window closely overlooked their home. The man had a chicken roasted every lunch and dinner. The smell of chicken roast became so tempting that they decided to talk him into becoming Catholic so that he would practice both fasting and abstinence. After much compromising with him about that issue later he agreed with them to be baptized. They took him to the parish priest for baptism. The parish priest then told him look, " Look, you were born  a Hindu, your name is Ganesh." Then the priest took water for Baptism and pouring it on his head and said "by these waters of Baptism, you are now baptized a Christian and your name will be Peter."

On the first day of Lent, as the Catholic neighbors looked from their windows, saw Peter saying and doing something strange. He placed a plucked and dressed chicken on the table and poured water on it saying " Look, you chicken, you are born to be non-vegetarian. From today by these waters, you will be a vegetarian dish, vegetarian I say, vegetarian." with that he began to roast it for his meal.
Humanly speaking it is normal that when we want to give in any to any temptation, we will always find reasons, arguments and logic to support our desires. However, we need wisdom from God to challenge, question and walk over our temptations. 

Every year on the first Sunday of Lent we read the gospel story of Jesus being tempted by Satan. The message of the gospel is not just about saying "No" to temptation but about  and challenging the temptation and the tempter.  

Let us have a glance into these temptations mentioned in the scriptures. The first temptation was to turn stone into bread. Stones were plenty around Jesus. If all the stones changed to bread there would be enough food for a life time. The problem of poverty in the world is because so many people want to stack up and store money and material for life time. This is the feeling for insecurity. This can also remind us one of Jesus parables concerning a man who wanted to pull down his barns and build the larger ones but the Lord asked him ' you fool. If your life would be demanded of you tonight, whose will all this be?' Giving in to the first kind of temptation is like trying to accumulate for a life time when God wants us to live one day at a time. Giving in to(accepting) this temptation will lead us to pillage, plunder, cheat, grab and snatch from others as much as we can.

The second temptation was that Satan would give all the kingdoms of the world if Jesus will worship him. Practically this temptation is too evident from the growing power struggles seen in the world today and increase in violence and bloodshed; for example we have experienced seeing one religion trying to dominate another, nations trying to out-do another in economy and weaponry to become world super-powers; cultures, communities and ethnic groups claiming superiority over another. This temptation for power begins at the individual level when we forget Jesus' teaching ' those who wish to be the first must be the servant of all' leading us to clamor for power, position and fame even at the cost and dignity of another.

The third temptation was for Jesus to perform a spectacular act of falling from the pinnacle and not getting hurt. This temptation reveals itself in certain dangerous advancing technologies where man is trying to play God. Technology is good if and only if it improves man's standard of living and welfare, however, it is dangerous when the creature wants to become creator. The lesson from this temptation is that when we rely on our own intelligence and strengths we discount God. Moreover, many people file civil cases in the court. The reason is: It is because their prestige and honor are destroyed and degraded. Even all our intelligence put together still cannot stop a tsunami, an earthquake or the raging waters of our flood.

So when any temptation faces you, don't just say "No". Instead, question it like Jesus does. Liken your temptation to any of the three temptations of Jesus and seek the wisdom of God to handle and walk over it.

All in all what the three temptations have in common is the lure of selfishness, for taking the soft options of security, power and prestige. We ourselves are often exposed to temptations to selfishness of one kind or another- in the form of pride, anger, lust, gluttony, envy, sloth, etc. Like Jesus we turn to God for guidance and strength, relying especially on the power of the holy Eucharist to remain faithful.

Let us remember one thing that it very enjoyable to give in to temptation and it can be very easy. But the Lord never promised us an easy life, only a meaningful life. God does not give an easy journey but only a safe arrival. It might be difficult but with God, all things are possible.


Homily for 1st Sunday of Lent Year C By Fr. Munachi Ezeogu, CSSp

Deuteronomy 26:4-10,      Romans 10:8-13,    Luke 4:1-13
On the Gospel – Temptation

In the heat of the President Bill Clinton and Miss Monica Lewinsky affair the head of a women's support group spoke on CNN. This is what she said, in essence: "Monica Lewinsky has done nothing wrong. In the world of corporate establishments and in the White House bureaucracy, women who want to advance must use everything at their disposal: power, connections and sex. If that is what she has done, we see absolutely nothing wrong with that." The name of the game is: use what you have to get what you want. I am sure you have heard that before. Many people indeed take it as their philosophy of life. In our Gospel reading today, however, Jesus shows us that the principle of using whatever you have to get whatever you want is not always right. In fact, when that principle is applied without putting God first, it becomes a philosophy of the world, the devil's own philosophy, a philosophy that should be rejected even as Jesus did.

Our Gospel today is on the Temptation of Jesus in the wilderness. Three temptations are recounted: to change stone into bread, to fall down and worship the devil, and to jump down from the pinnacle of the Temple. In each of these three temptations what the devil is saying to Jesus is, "Come on, use what you have to get what you want." And in each case Jesus overcomes the temptation by replying, "No, we can only use godly means to satisfy our God-given needs or to pursue our goals in life."

In the first temptation, Jesus had fasted for forty days in the wilderness and at the end of it he was very hungry. The devil puts an idea into his head: "If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread" (Luke 4:3). Notice that the first thing the devil does is sow a doubt in his mind: "if you are the Son of God." "Are you really sure God is with you?" The same thing happened in the garden of Eden. The first thing the Tempter said to Eve was, "Did God really say you should not eat of any fruit of the garden" (Genesis 3:1). Temptation always begins with a doubting thought. Did God really say this or is it one of those Sunday school fairy tales? Jesus overcame the temptations by refusing to entertain such doubts and by standing on the word of God.

Note, secondly, that people are tempted only with what they need or want. After his fasting Jesus needed to eat. So the devil tempted him with food. It is not a sin for Jesus to eat after fasting. The sin may lie in how the food is obtained. Should he follow the normal way of obtaining bread or should he take the shortcut suggested by the devil to obtain instant bread? Jesus refuses to take the devil's shortcut. The means we employ to satisfy our needs must be in accordance with the word of God. Feeding on God's word is ultimately more important than feeding on bread. "It is written, 'One does not live by bread alone'" (verse 4).

In the second temptation the devil shows Jesus all the kingdoms of the world and promises to give him authority over them if only Jesus would worship him. Remember that Jesus was about to begin his public life and was looking for a way to get the whole world to know him and accept his message. Again the devil tempts him to use what he has (his heart, his soul) to get what he wants (the loyalty of the whole world). Again Jesus says no. The end does not justify the means. "It is written, 'Worship the Lord your God, and serve only him'" (verse 8).

In the third temptation the devil asks Jesus to throw himself down from the pinnacle of the temple as a way to prove that he was the Son of God. Remember that the people were asking Jesus for a sign to prove that he was the Messiah. Jesus wanted to convince them that he was the one. But how do you do it! The devil suggested this sensational sky jump without a parachute. Again, use what you have to get what you want. Use your supernatural power to get the people to recognize you and believe in you as the Son of God, the Messiah. And again Jesus says no. The God of Jesus Christ is not a God of the sensational but a God who works through the ordinary, everyday things of life. "Do not put the Lord your God to the test" (verse 12).

So you see, unlike those friends of Monica who believe you can trade off everything you have to obtain what you want, Jesus shows us that we should never trade off our faith in God or our moral principles to obtain anything in this world, because faithfulness to God is more precious than anything in this world.

On the Epistle – Talk the Talk and Walk the Walk

A recent poll conducted for the BBC finds that Nigerians are the most religious people in the world. Nigerians receive this news with mixed feelings. “Yes, we are the most religious people in the world when it comes to church attendance, prayer and identifying ourselves as believers,” they say, “but why does our religiosity not translate itself into right conduct and fair business practice.” Nigeria, as you know, is said to be one of the most corrupt countries in the world. Is true religion only a matter of the heart and of the lips? This is the question that comes to mind as we hear Paul’s words to the Romans in today’s second reading: “If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved” (Romans 10:9). Is true Christianity, then, simply a matter of believing in the heart and confessing with the lips? Are the hands and feet not involved? Does it matter how we lead our lives so long as we believe in our heart and confess with our lips? What is Paul teaching us here?

To rightly understand what Paul is saying and what this means in our daily lives we need to see it in the context of the early Christians in Rome. The Roman church was a severely persecuted church. Christians were persecuted not for what they said and did but for what they refused to say and do. You see, starting from the time of Julius Caesar, the Roman Emperor had adopted a divine status. At his death the emperor was deified and proclaimed to be a god, while his living successor was declared to be the son of a god (divi filius). Sacrifices and incense were offered in public worship to the emperor gods. They were invoked and addressed as “lord” (dominus).

But the early Christians believed that the only person to have walked this earth who deserved to be addressed and worshipped as God is none other than Jesus Christ. They, therefore, transferred to Jesus the title and the homage that emperor worshippers has conferred on the emperor. They called Jesus the true Son of God and addressed him as Lord while refusing to recognize the divine status of the emperors, even under threat of death. Of course some of them, out of fear of death, would deny their Christian faith and confess Caesar to be the Lord. Paul is not happy with that. In today’s reading he encourages them to remain strong in their faith in the Resurrected One and to confess him as Lord even if that would cost them their lives, for that is the way to attain salvation.

For one believes with the heart and so is justified, and one confesses with the mouth and so is saved” (10:10). By secretly believing in Jesus in the privacy of their hearts, Christians are justified. This is not enough, however. Ultimate and final salvation comes only when one has the courage on one’s conviction to openly confess Christ as Lord with one’s lips. Against this background we can see that Paul is not telling them that believing in Christ in the heart alone is all that saves the Christian. Far from that, he is encouraging them to translate their faith into concrete and public action, even if that action is only to declare publicly that Jesus is the Lord. For that was the challenge of the faith in those days.

What is the challenge of the faith in our own day? The tendency to regard the Christian faith as a private matter is still a concern for us today. In many places it is not politically correct to identify ourselves as Christians either as individuals or as communities. France has banned the wearing of conspicuous religious symbols in schools. The United States frowns at the public display of Christian symbols on government property, like the Ten Commandments monument in a Kentucky courthouse. In places like Nigeria where public display of religion is allowed, people display it but fail to follow through with the implication of faith in their day to day lives. Paul urges us today to think the thought (in out hearts), to talk the talk (with our lips) and to walk the walk (in our actions).

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Chapisha Maoni